Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze (1758-1836)
Art by April Babcock (tumblr)
At the age of thirteen, Marie-Anne married Antoine Lavoisier, a 28 year old chemist. Antoine is known as the “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He named oxygen and hydrogen and showed these gases could be measured in a closed vessel. He disproved the Phlogiston theory and discovered the role oxygen plays in combustion.
Marie-Anne and Antoine worked so closely together that it is somewhat difficult to separate their accomplishments. Notes from Antoine’s lab show numerous entries written by Marie-Anne and their work is often considered a joint enterprise. At the very least, she was a deeply devoted assistant in his scientific lab. Trained in art by Jacques-Louis David, Marie-Anne sketched Antoine’s experiments and apparatuses, providing the the drawings for his book The Elements of Chemistry. Fluent in English and Latin, Marie-Anne translated numerous scientific texts and wrote her own commentary.
Antoine was arrested during the Reign of Terror and although Marie-Anne fought for his release, Antoine was executed on May 8, 1794. Marie-Anne spent 65 days in jail. Marie-Anne’s scientific work ended when her husband died.
Hey Guys! Check out my drawing of a cool science chick from history. I really enjoy this blog, it’s a wonderful way to brush up on history and all the lady heroes therein. I didn’t even know Phlogiston was a thing until I started researching for this piece XD.Source: coolchicksfromhistory